Tuesday, November 2, 2010

best italian giallo


Giallo (Italian pronunciation: [ˈdʒallo], plural gialli) is an Italian 20th century genre of literature and film, which in Italian indicates crime fiction and mystery. In the English language it refers to a genre similar to the French fantastique genre and includes elements of horror fiction and eroticism. The word giallo is Italian for "yellow" and stems from the origin of the genre as a series of cheap paperback novels with trademark yellow covers.
The film genre that emerged from these novels in the 1960s began as literal adaptations of the books, but soon began taking advantage of modern cinematic techniques to create a unique genre which veered intohorror and psychological thrillers. These films, particularly 1970s classics by directors such as Sergio MartinoLucio FulciDario Argento and Mario Bava, are only defined as “gialli” in the English-language use of the term; in Italy they are usually described as thrillers or, as a genre, “thrilling” or “giallo all’italiana.” In the English-speaking world the term “giallo” has become established as an adjective to “thriller” and “horror.”

As well as the literary giallo tradition, the films were also initially influenced by the German “krimi” phenomenon—originally black and white films of the 1960s that were based on Edgar Wallace stories. The Swedish director Arne Mattsson has also been pointed out as an influence, in particular his film Mannequin in Red (1958).
The first film that created the giallo as an Italian cinema genre is La ragazza che sapeva troppo/The Girl Who Knew Too Much (A.K.A. Evil Eye) (1963), from Mario Bava. Its title referred to Alfred Hitchcock’s famous The Man Who Knew Too Much (1956), again establishing strong links with Anglo-American culture. In Mario Bava’s 1964 film, Blood and Black Lace (A.K.A. Five Women for the Murderer), the emblematic element of the giallo was introduced: the masked murderer with a shiny weapon in his black-leather-gloved hand.
Soon the giallo became a genre of its own, with its own rules and with a typical Italian flavour: adding additional layers of intense colour and style. The term giallo finally became synonymous with a heavy, theatrical, and stylised visual element.
The genre had its heyday in the 1970s, with dozens of Italian giallo films released. The most notable directors who worked in the genre were Dario ArgentoMario BavaLucio Fulci, Aldo Lado, Sergio Martino,Umberto Lenzi, and Pupi Avati.
Avati went as far as satirizing the genre in 1977 with a slapstick giallo titled Tutti defunti... tranne i morti (All Deceased but the Dead).



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